Conférence de Jennifer Lind: Is nationalism back in Japan ?
Alors que les tensions montent en Asie de l’Est, quelle politique conduira le premier ministre japonais Shinzo Abe? Doit-on s’attendre à une nouvelle stratégie japonaise dans son voisinage et face aux États-Unis?
Jennifer Lind (Dartmouth College) spécialiste en relations et sécurité internationales ainsi qu'en nationalisme d'Asie de l'Est, répondra à ces questions.
Commentators around the world proclaim that “Japanese nationalism is on the rise” –a development that, if true, has significant implications for US-Japan relations, East Asian territorial disputes, and the regional balance of power. But commentators have been saying this for the past 30 years; moreover they rarely define what they mean by “nationalism,” and provide at best anecdotal evidence for the claim. Our paper operationalizes this important variable and measures it systematically using cross-time and cross-country data. To contribute to debates about Japan, we define “nationalism” both in terms of national identity and assertiveness. We find that Japanese national identity is indeed changing—but in the opposite direction typically claimed. First, (1) Japanese national identity is growing more “cosmopolitan” rather than more nationalistic. Second, (2) Japan is indeed growing more politically and militarily assertive. Over the past half-century, Japan has shed institutional constraints on its defense and military policy, and taken on greater roles within the US-Japan alliance. Third, however, (3) despite its growing assertiveness, Japan remains one of the least assertive countries in the world, and certainly the least assertive of the great powers.
Emplacement : Université de Montréal, 3744 Jean-Brillant, local 6420, 6ème étage